Needs of Family

Subject: Enviroment Population and Health

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Every family needs basic, physiological, and additional needs. Basic needs required for the family are: food, housing, clothing, sex, health and education. This note is elaboration on the information about needs of family.
Needs of Family

Every family needs certain things such as food, shelter, clothes, education and health services, etc. which are considered as the basic needs. All the family members are satisfied if all this things are provided to them. With the increase in the size of the family, the quantities of these things have to be increased. The head of the family has to think whether he/she is in the position to increase the quantities. Rapid population growth in the size of the family can cause economic burden and tension. The effect will be the degradation of life standard. It is even very difficult to fulfill the basic needs.

According to psychologist Abraham Maslow, the needs of family can be divided into following:

  • Basic needs: The most rudimentary human needs, associated with the survival of human beings, are called basic needs. Human beings cannot survive in the absence of these things. One needs of food to eat, water to drink and house to live.
  • Physiological needs: Physiological needs are associated with the function of body organ. If these needs are not fulfilled, the normal existence of life stops. No one can survive in the absence of water. Sex is biological needs of the youth. In its absence, the life is not continued. Therefore, physiological needs are at the lowest rank. After this, human being moves to safety needs. After one's stomach is full, s/he needs a safe environment. Cloth and shelter provide security from the general environmental torments and the foes.
  • Additional needs: The secondary human needs, associated with career development and better living standard, are termed as additional needs. After the basic human needs are fulfilled or after the empty stomach becomes fulfill, human beings needs better life. He needs love, care, affection, respect, freedom and eventually self fulfillment.

Basic Needs and Their Related Things


The most important need of everybody is food. In the absence of food survival of a human being is impossible. Shortage of food creates disputes, quarrels and problems of hunger in a family. There is a need of adequate availability of food in order to meet the demands of energy of the individual. We should not have wrong concept that expensive food is better. Even cheap food may sometimes be far better than expensive one in terms of nutrition.


We need house to live in and protect ourselves from sun, water, storm, wind, etc. The house gives us protection. We have fear living outside the house but we can live fearlessly in the house. Only the management of the house is not enough; cleanliness, neatness and proper management are also important.


Clothing is absolutely necessary for everybody. It is a symbol of making human being a social being. It is against civilization and mortality to remain naked. Besides this, clothing is important to protect our body from hot, cold, rain, dust, sun, etc. We may be the victims of different diseases if we don't wear clothes according to seasons and need. Clothing also determines the level of standard of the living of the people in the modern days.


Sex is also a prominent need of human life. One should indulge in sexual activities after maturity. The sex activity should be done between husband and wife. The sex involvement should not be made with other woman or man. Sex activity is necessary for the generation or heredity.


Good health has been considered as a human right but majority of people are deprived of this right. Unless and until people understand that good health is a basic need, they do not try to invest for attaining good health. It is wrong that only rich people can adopt healthy habits. Health education helps us to be healthy through the use of locally available resources and means.


Education is the other need of family. The education teaches us easy methods to live in various difficult situation of life. The people deprived of the light of education find it difficult to pass their life. So, education is basic need of life. The education establishes understanding in the family. It provides opportunity carry the family on the way to progress.

Things to remember
  • Every family needs basic, physiological, and additional needs.
  • Food, shelter, and clothing are basic needs.
  • Sex, education, transportation, and communication, are some additional needs.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Needs of Family
Humans Basic Needs
Overview of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
The Human Needs
Questions and Answers
Food is the first and most important need of family.
Self-acquisition is the highest level of human needs according to Abraham Maslow.
Self-acquisition and freedom can be two additional needs of a family.
Health service and sex are two basic needs of family.
Needs of family is the basic factors to fulfill daily needs for overall development to live a happy life of a family. For example food, clothing, shelter, security etc.

The elements related to basic needs of a family are listed below:

  • Food: The first and the most important need for the family is food without which no one can survive. Lack of food creates discontent, quarrels and even starvation in the family. There should be sufficient food for all. Everyone should try to have a balanced diet so that they are healthy and can work efficiently.
  • Housing: We need house to keep ourselves safe from sun, water, wind and so on. It provides us with security. We feel secure inside a house where as in insecure outside. The house must be dry, clean, well-ventilated and adequately arranged.
  • Clothing: clothing is also necessary. It is a sign of utilization. It is against civilization and morality to move without clothes on. Clothing determines the level of standard of living of people, these days. There are different types of clothing for different seasons. Clothing is suitable for summer and woolen clothes for winter. We should also use dry clean clothes.
  • Health: Good health is considered as the ornament of life. Everybody has rights to have a healthy life, but this has not been attained by all. An individual cannot make an investment in the area of health as basic requirements. Health does not depend on wealth. Health education can provide knowledge about how to be healthy and to preserve health.
  • Education: Education is the light of life. It teaches us to live a happy life even when situation of difficultly and anxiety. Life is difficult for illiterates. Education opens inner eyes and helps to develop a civilized society. So, education is one of the primary needs of life.
Basic needs are those needs which are directly associated with human survival. In the absence of basic need survival is not possible. Peace and security is an essential aspect of family welfare. The family is happy when there is peace and security. Inadequate means and source of livelihood and opportunities create unexpected problems and disturbs peace. Consequently an atmosphere of awe and insecurity is created. In this state, there is no happiness in the family. Family members will be deprived of the opportunity to utilize basic needs and services. Therefore, security is also considered as the basic needs in the present context.
Abraham Maslow has classified the needs of the family in two types i.e., basic needs and traditional needs. These needs are given below.
Basic needs:
  • Food
  • Shelter
  • Clothes
  • Sex
  • Health
  • Education
  • Security
Additional needs:
  • Love and affection
  • Respect
  • Freedom
  • Self-development
  • Belongings
The fulfillment of basic needs is the base of fulfillment of additional needs. Always priority is first swift towards basic needs and then only additional needs are fulfilled. So, additional needs are secondary needs which are not needed for survival but needed for development and to ensure happiness in the future. Additional needs helps to create belongingness and to make status in society. When these needs are fulfilled an individual can lead himself to self-actualization and more superior in the society. The additional needs are; love and affection, belonging, esteem, freedom, self-actualization.
The five basic needs of a family are given below:
  • food
  • clothes
  • Shelter
  • health
  • sex
Shelter: Shelter is one of the important basic needs of a family. No one can live in the sun, rain, dust or storm. House protects us from bad weather. It provides protection against animals and burglars too. And house must be dry, clean, well ventilated and adequately arranged.

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